Allergy – an uncontrolled response to foreign proteins in the body. Often, these foreign substances are usually harmless, but nonetheless they trigger an allergic reaction.
Anaphylaxis Shock - a severe, life-threatening allergic reaction. Although rare, these alarming reactions can occur as a result of a response to an injected drug (i.e. penicillin), specific kind of food, or after an insect sting.
Antibody – a protein created by a type of white blood cell to counteract a foreign substance in the blood
Antigen – a substance that triggers the production of antibodies
Antihistamine drugs – used as histamine blockers to reduce symptoms like itching, sneezing and a runny nose
Anti-inflammatory drugs – used to decrease the symptoms of inflammation
Asthma - is a chronic lung disease that develops when the lining of the airways become inflamed and swollen restricting the air flow to and from the lungs.
Bronchitis –the inflammation of the lung airways, also known as the bronchi, that may cause phlegm and a persistent cough.
Contact dermatitis –the inflammation of the skin caused by direct contact with allergens like nickel, latex, certain cosmetics, detergents, a specific animal, chemical or a vegetable
Eczema –the inflammation of the skin causing itching and irritation.
Epinephrine – a natural hormone, also referred to as adrenaline that works to increase the heart beat and force helping to improve breathing by dilating the airways. It is the most often used medication to treat anaphylaxis shock.
Epi Pen – a self-administering epinephrine injection kit used to treat severe allergic reactions
Histamine – a chemical in the body that is released during an allergic reaction that often causes symptoms like restricted breathing, itching, sneezing and a runny nose.
Immunoglobulin – also referred to as antibodies, are proteins located in the blood and tissue fluids that work to bind foreign substances and destroy them. Immunoglobulin is often abbreviated Ig.
Immunotherapy – allergy shots used as a preventative form of treatment that will allow the immune system to become less susceptible to a particular substance or allergen (i.e. pollen, insect stings, fungi, etc.).
Intrinsic asthma - a type of asthma that has no obvious external cause
RAST - also known as RadioAllergoSorbent Test, is a laboratory test used to detect certain antibodies that are specific to allergens
Rhinitis – inflammation of the mucous membrane lining the nose
Sinusitis - inflammation of the lining of the facial sinuses
Urticaria – a common skin condition known as hives that involves itchy, white lumps that are surrounded by an area of inflammation.